Chuck backplate

January 2011

Since I made the spindle upgrade my 3 and 4 jaws 3" self-centering chucks have been resting, as well as the faceplate. My plan is to buy, later, a good 4" 3 jaws chuck, with soft jaws.

I'm keeping the 3" chucks for future use for indexing on a mill. But now decided to make a adapter backplate to use both the chucks and the faceplate on the lathe too. After a visit to my metal supplier at the end of the day, I got back to the shop with a piece of 1045 steel for this project.

I use set-tru screws on my chucks and that's why I'm making the backplate in steel. With cast iron the register would be easily deformed by the set-tru screws.

Making a chuck backplate for the mini-lathe

After facing the piece, it was center drilled and drilled with 6, 12 and 16mm drills. Then, with the small Glanze boring bar, the center hole was enlarged to 17mm, as that's the bore size of my 3" chucks.

Making a chuck backplate for the mini-lathe

The register for the spindle was made with 72mm diameter and 4.25mm deep, and all that rust has gone. After that all the edges were chamfered.

Making a chuck backplate for the mini-lathe

After some calculations to mark the studs positions, it was drilled, taped M8 and deburred the four taped holes.

Making a chuck backplate for the mini-lathe

It was faced down, removing all the metal until the final dimension.Then started turning down the register for the 3" chucks.

Making a chuck backplate for the mini-lathe

Then I found that I wasn't having on shop neither blue ink or even a single sharpie pen in good condition. With a sharp threading tool, scribed a line on a 66mm circunference for drilling the holes. To do this the toolbit tip must be indexed first. With a piece of round stock of a known diameter on the tailstock chuck and the dial indicator base on the lathe bed, it's easy to find the lathe center. Then removing the tailstock and, without moving the dial indicator, bringing the toolbit tip to measure it's position and adjust it until it is on the lathe center. Then the cross-slide was advanced toward the front by 33mm.

After that, the 6 holes needed for mounting a 3 and a 4 jaws chuck were drilled using a computer generated template to locate holes positions. After drilling, holes were taped M6 and conterbored on both sides.

Modified chucks for front mounting

Modifiyng a lathe chuck for front mounting bolts

As I told before, I'm keeping these chucks for use on a mill, with rotary table, indexing table... For mounting a chuck for such work a front mounting chuck makes all the work a lot easier. And makes it usable on a lathe with a larger spindle flange.

The chuck was drilled and counterboed to 11mm, 6mm deep for the SHCS. Screws are M6x60mm, now with 56mm after cut on the lathe.

Modifiyng a lathe chuck for front mounting bolts

Here is my good "old" 3 jaws chuck ready for use, front mounted on the chuck backplate.

(still need to drill the 4 jaws chuck and the faceplate)

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